How to Test the Motherboard?

by Arslan Ashraf

How to Test the Motherboard?

You must have seen some terms like mainboard, planar board or logic board, or system board to represent the motherboard. Well, this is because a motherboard connects the computer’s hardware, including the CPU, RAM, and visual card. It unites every computer component while simultaneously giving the CPU access to and control over these distinct components. In addition, it connects internal components, disc drives, and front panel ports with cables and wires.

If you’ve been using the same motherboard for a while or facing some issues, you must know how to test the motherboard to check the board’s utility. Well, you can run specific tests to examine the problems if you suspect your motherboard has any issues, whether they are hardware-related, virtually associated with performance, or if you just bought a new motherboard. But this would be only possible if you had all the necessary knowledge. Even if not, you can take help from this post. 

How to Test the Motherboard?

Before installing and connecting your computer components with a new motherboard, you should check several things. By doing these checks, you can ensure that your newly-purchased motherboard is in good shape and won’t damage other computer components. You can use two standard methods to test the motherboard’s functionality. You can use several PC diagnostic tools to find software problems and perform a physical check.

Virtual testing of the motherboard

The first step in checking your motherboard is to inspect the parts visually. You must carefully examine each motherboard component, such as the capacitors, relays, and other parts, to ensure no burn marks or other defects. You can install it on the PC if all is well. However, you shouldn’t connect this motherboard to your PC if any components have burn marks, damage, or poor gluing marks. Here is how you can do it. 

Step 1: Open the PC’s panel with a screwdriver. 

Note: The motherboard does not require removal from the PC cover. 

Step 2: Use a torch to closely examine the capacitors and other circuit parts on the motherboard to check their safety level. All the components must be fine to say that a motherboard is in good condition. 

Plug and Check

Another test you can conduct is to connect the motherboard’s essential components and see if the system turns on. You must take these steps to test this.

Step 1: Put your motherboard on a dry, flat surface.

Step 2: Apply the thermal paste on certain spots around the CPU socket on the board where the CPU has to be connected. Now attach the processor.

Step 3: Connect the motherboard and power supply.

Step 4: Now, connect the monitor wire to the motherboard.

Step 5: Utilize the power switch to connect to the power source and turn on the motherboard.

Once the PC boots up then, it confirms that the motherboard is in good condition.

Checking components’ shortage 

One of the simplest ways to determine whether a motherboard is fit for use is to test it for shortages. A multimeter is required for this, and you must abide by these instructions.

Step 1: Turn on the multimeter and place it in ohm mode.

Step 2: Take the two cables and briefly contact each other. The readings will be reset, and the multimeter will then be usable.

Step 3: Put the red lead on any power pin, such as 1.8V, 3.3V, or 5V, and the black lead on the resistor that you suppose may be shorted.

Step 4: If the multimeter shows any reading other than zero, the board is good to be used on your computer. 

Note: The motherboard should not be used and should not have expensive components connected to it if any resistors are destroyed.

Testing a motherboard using some tools

The self-test is the initial technique for testing the motherboard. Your computer won’t turn on if your motherboard is broken, and the BIOS menu will display an error message. If updating your BIOS is necessary, you should do it. Here are some tools you may use to test motherboard components:

CPU Heat Tester

A tool for evaluating the stability of the motherboard and its components is called Hot CpuTester. Experts rely on the hot-Cpu tester fault track engine to assess overall condition. This particular tool is made up of parts to test every motherboard component. Only stable portions survive the test once the pieces are under extreme stress. According to the website, the Hot-Cpu tester was created specifically to test memory, motherboard, CPU, and chipsets.

ASTRA and PC doctor

Astra is a tool for operating system analysis and troubleshooting. A hard drive safety state checker that shows the CPU, motherboard, memory modules, BIOS, etc., is included. Another is PC doctor, one of the top software producers for scanning virtually anything on your Windows computer. However, this costs $25. To repair PC hardware issues and gain in-depth knowledge of system data and software tools, utilize the dedicated toolbox for Windows.

How to test a brand-new motherboard?

If you have purchased a new motherboard and want to test it to ensure it is functioning correctly. You can do a test on your own. Here is a guide on how to test a brand-new motherboard.

Step 1: Place the CPU on your motherboard after setting it on the table.

Step 2: Now fasten and link the motherboard’s CPU fan. 

Step 3: Fill the RAM slot with RAM (DIMM 1). 

Step 4: Now, connect a power connector, if necessary.

Step 5: Connect the graphics card to the motherboard. 

Step 6: Connect the ATX 24 Pin connector from the power supply to the motherboard.

Step 7: Now, connect your monitor to the system and turn on your PC. 

If you’re seeing something happening on display, your motherboard is in good condition, and you’re good to go with it. 

How to increase the lifespan of the motherboard?

You can increase the lifespan of your motherboard by following these tips:

  • Make sure your motherboard is always free of dust. Dust can result in heating problems. To clean the motherboard, use cotton swabs or compressed air.
  • Avoid using electric spikes near your motherboard since they could harm it and other essential parts of the board.
  • Regularly inspect your power supply unit because it sends the power. Any PSU problem could lead to an unstable power supply that harms your motherboard.

Conclusion

A motherboard is one of the essential PC components, so it must be in good condition to be perfectly utilized. You can use a few methods to check your motherboard and determine whether it is fit for usage. In addition, you must know how to test the motherboard for a better utility of the board. First of all, you must start by visually checking the board to quickly reveal the circuits. In addition, you can also try the tools mentioned above to investigate the components and activities of the motherboard. 

Several advanced techniques exist for testing a motherboard with a multimeter. The ways to virtually check the motherboard are straightforward, and you can even do that at home. A healthy motherboard is essential for a computer’s smooth operation since it facilitates communication between all critical parts. You may regularly test your motherboard to see if everything is functioning correctly. By following the above-given tips, you can enhance your PC’s activity and lifespan. 

Arslan Ashraf

Arslan Ashraf is a tech enthusiast and an experienced technical writer at GamingDairy. He has been writing all types of guides, tutorials, and tips for gamers, developers, and other people who use computers. His way of writing is quite unique: he starts with testing every single piece of Hardware and does a long list of experiments before writing the actual masterpiece. Well, if you have any queries, ensure to connect with him!